The area between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and the chest cavity, known as the pleural space, can get filled with either transudate or exudate forms of fluid. Transudate is usually composed of ultra-filtrates of plasma due to an imbalance in vascular hydrostatic and oncotic forces in the chest, while exudate is typically produced by inflammatory conditions. Exudative pleural effusions are usually more serious and difficult to treat. Most pleural effusions are not serious by themselves, but some require treatment to avoid problems. Let’s take a look at how physical therapy helps.
What causes pleural effusions?
There are various factors that can cause fluid to build up in the pleural region. The following is a list of some of the major causes:
What are the symptoms?
A minor pleural effusion may not cause any symptoms. Symptoms are more likely when a pleural effusion is moderate or large-sized, or if inflammation is present. Symptoms of pleural effusions may include:
How are pleural effusions diagnosed?
A doctor may suspect a pleural effusion based on a person's symptoms and physical examination. Most often, pleural effusions are discovered on imaging tests. Common tests used to identify pleural effusions include:
How are pleural effusions treated?
In mild cases of pleural effusions, your physician may target the underlying medical condition that is causing pleural effusion. For example, prescribing antibiotics for pneumonia or diuretics for congestive heart failures. Large, infected, or inflamed pleural effusions often require drainage to improve symptoms and prevent complications. Various procedures may be used to treat pleural effusions, including:
How does physiotherapy help?
Physiotherapy is primarily concerned with developing, maintaining and restoring an individual’s maximum movement and functional ability. For patients with respiratory conditions, physiotherapy includes, but is not limited to, chest physiotherapy or clearance of secretions, and breathing exercises. Respiratory physiotherapy is recommended, and should be applied during the first weeks of treatment.
Your lungs play an important role is maintaining and stabilizing oxygen and CO2 levels in your body. Healthy lungs mean you will be able to live a much better quality life. Don’t live with the fluid congestion of pleural effusions. Consult with our team of expert physical therapists at HCR Calgary today.
Jones fracture, also known as 5th metatarsal fracture occurs in a small area of the fifth metatarsal that receives less blood and therefore is more prone to injury. This can either be a stress fracture, which is a tiny hairline break that occurs overtime, or an acute break that is caused due to a sudden traumatic impact. It is mostly caused due to overuse, repetitive stress or trauma. This fracture affects the fifth metatarsal of the foot. Let’s see how professional physiotherapy can help treat and heal Jones fracture.
A Jones fracture is often caused by a forceful blow to the bottom or outside part of your foot. The simple act of running can cause micro trauma to the fifth metatarsal, and a Jones fracture may occur. The onset of your pain may be gradual and happen over a period of weeks or months. When this happens, it is usually considered a stress fracture, and the prognosis for this type of Jones fracture is poorer than with an acute Jones fracture.
Jones fractures have the following signs and symptoms. These include but are not limited to:
Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment. To arrive at a diagnosis, the surgeon will ask how the injury occurred or when the pain started. The foot will be examined, with the doctor gently pressing on different areas of the foot to determine where the pain is. The surgeon will also order x-rays. Because a Jones fracture sometimes does not show up on initial x-rays, additional imaging studies may be needed.
When visiting a foot or ankle surgeon is not possible or is problematic, there are a few things you can do by yourself in order to take care of your injury. This includes:
Rest: It is crucial to stay off the injured foot, since walking can cause further damage.
Ice: Apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area for 20 minutes of each waking hour.
Compression and elevation: Wrap the foot in an elastic bandage or wear a compression stocking to prevent further swelling and keep the foot elevated to reduce the swelling. It should be even with or slightly above the hip level.
Physical Therapy: Several exercises will help restore and strengthen range-of-motion in the affected area.
Jones fracture can affect the way you live your daily life. Don’t leave your injury impaired and untreated. Visit our team of expert physical therapists at HCR Calgary today.
A history of symptoms often related to pain and easily recognized by excess motion at multiple joints is described as hypermobility syndrome. It is also sometimes called as Beneign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (BJHS). The challenges that you may face can be multi-faceted and numerous, if you’ve been diagnosed as being hypermobile.
People who have been diagnosed with hypermobility syndrome have multiple joints that stretch further than normal, leading to frequent and often unrelated injuries. It’s usually genetics that determine who has hypermobility and who doesn’t. Hypermobility is more common in women than men at a ratio of 5:1.
How to find out if you have Hypermobility Syndrome?
It’s ironic that those with hypermobility often feel that their muscles need to be stretched. This is due to muscles tightening as they try to stabilize the joints because of inherent looseness. Strengthening is only one solution to this pain, but be not worried, there are more. There is a strong association between hypermobility syndrome and Fibromyalgia. Experts believe that excessive pain with Fibromyalgia that is not necessarily present with hypermobility syndrome is due to oxygen deprivation.
A simple self-test will give you an indication of whether or not some of your joints are hypermobile. It takes less than two minutes to self-assess your flexibility score.
How can Physiotherapy help?
Physical therapy treatment is specific to the individual and is based on the presentation and medical history of the patient. It is essential for individuals with hypermobility syndrome to remain as posturally aligned and fit as possible, more so than the average person to prevent recurrent injuries. Regular cardiovascular and strengthening exercises, and physiotherapy using Pilates, and myofascial release or craniosacral therapy can all reduce symptoms of hypermobility and improve your control and well being.
Various physiotherapy treatments can also help by re-educating tight, overused muscles and ensuring the patient uses his or her joints within the ideal ranges of motion, avoiding hyperextension or hyperflexion. Get in touch with your professional physiotherapists in Edmonton, as they have detailed knowledge about the subject and help you in all the ways possible.
Weakness of muscles and lack of muscle tone in babies, is generally termed as Hypotonia. This condition is usually diagnosed in infancy. Because of floppy limbs and lack of muscle control, children appear like rag-dolls, dragging and struggling to move. Depending on the cause of hypotonia, its severity can vary significantly from mild to severe hypotonia.
The causes of hypotonia include genetic conditions, brain or spinal cord damage, trauma, central nervous system disorders and / or environmental factors. In some cases, it’s difficult for doctors to identify a cause in some areas. Treatment of the underlying condition is important for eliminating or alleviating the resulting poor muscle tone. Physical therapy helps children with developmental delays and physical problems that often lead to hypotonia.
What can Hypotonia lead to, if left untreated?
Hypotonia can cause poor posture, mobility problems, poor reflexes and breathing difficulties. Infants who have hypotonia often experience dislocations in the neck, jaw and hip region. While hypotonia does not affect intelligence, children may have problems in developing language, social and reasoning skills. Infants that have problem chewing, sucking or swallowing food may have trouble eating. Poor muscle tone can also cause shallow breathing and speech difficulties. Infants may also have difficulties in reaching developmental milestones, such as lifting the head while lying down, balancing the body or sitting without falling over.
Symptoms of Hypotonia:
Evaluation of Hypotonia:
There are several therapies for hypotonia, these include physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, etc. After the cause of hypotonia is determined, your child’s medical team performs assessments of her motor skills, reflexes, nerve functioning, and sensory skills. Evaluation of your child’s condition helps her health care team develop an early intervention.
Physiotherapy for Hypotonia:
For infants experiencing lack of muscle tone, regular physiotherapy is essential, as it helps to improve muscle tone and prevent contractures. Physical therapy aims to improve posture and coordination, and strengthens the muscles around the joints of the limbs to provide more stability and support. For this purpose, regular exercises are prescribed. Early intervention programs start in infancy and progress to school-based physical therapy. Special toys and assistive devices may be used by your physiotherapist to encourage development of fine and gross motor skills. Physical therapy programs often include parent training to ensure that therapies are conducted correctly at home.
Physical therapy helps children with hypotonia achieve developmental milestones and continue to progress as they age. To improve your child’s self-confidence and motivation, early intervention through physical therapy can help. Get in touch with our professional physiotherapists in Edmonton, and they will ensure that your child develops all the essential motor skills that are required for their personal growth and development.
Inflammation is the body’s attempt at self-protection. The aim of any kind of inflammation is to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens - and begin the healing process. When there’s something harmful affects a part of our body, there is a biological response which tries to remove it. The signs and symptoms of inflammation, specifically acute inflammation, show that the body is trying to heal itself.
Infection and inflammation are two different things. An infection can cause inflammation, because an infection is caused by a bacterium, virus or fungus, while inflammation is the body’s response to it. Inflammation is a part of the body’s immune response. Initially, it is beneficial when, for example, your knee gets injured and tissues need care and protection. However, sometimes inflammation can become self-perpetuating and can cause further damage. Inflammation is not a pathological condition in itself, but rather the body’s reaction to tissue damage. The inflammatory cells remove debris and draw healing cells to the injury site.
Physiotherapists generally use techniques that include heat therapy, cold therapy, electrical stimulation, traction, massage and acupuncture. Massage therapy is generally not recommended for inflammations. For therapists, whether to use heat or cold therapy is often a personal choice, although cold therapy seems to be more effective for acute pain.
Inflammation is not a big whack, however, it’s certainly supposed to be treated as soon as possible. Reaching out to a physiotherapist is the best approach. Our professional physiotherapists in Edmonton are well-trained and experienced to help you out of any inflammatory injuries.
In order to help defend against germs, our lungs make mucus. It is when this mucus gets accumulated in the lungs, infections can occur. Infections cause inflammation or swelling of the lungs. Both infections and inflammation cause more mucus to be formed. More mucus in the lungs can lead to more infections. The cycle of infection, inflammation and more mucus can hurt the lungs and lower the lung functionality.
Chest physiotherapy is a group of physical techniques that improve lung function and help you breathe better. It helps expanding the lungs, strengthening breathing muscles, and loosening and improving drainage of thick lung secretions. Chest physiotherapy also keeps the lungs clear to prevent pneumonia after surgery and during periods of immobility. Chest physiotherapy is the only method that is used to treat respiratory diseases.
Types of Chest Physiotherapies:
The aim of physiotherapy and other exercise therapies is to help you to cough up and clear the mucus and to improve your overall lung fitness. This is called airway clearance therapy. This can help prevent build-up of infected mucus, which may prevent chest infections. A physiotherapist will advise on the different airway clearance techniques available and the one that may suit you best. Typically, for those people who have chest infections, physiotherapists encourage them to perform their chosen airway clearance therapy for 20-30 minutes, once or twice a day.
Healthcare professionals use different kinds of chest physiotherapy together including:
Doctors generally recommend one or more other treatments to manage respiratory disease and breathing problems. Treatments vary depending on the specific disease, the severity of the disease, your medical history, your age, and other factors. It’s crucial for smokers to stop smoking and passive smoking in order to reduce the formation of more mucus in the lungs. If you’ve been suffering from any kind of chest infection, get in touch with our professional chest physiotherapists, they will outline a plan to help you get rid of the chest infections.
One of the most heartbreaking medical issues for a woman is to deal with infertility. It’s devastating emotional, but it’s even hard physically, as it can happen due to so many possible causes and relatively few solutions. It’s hard emotionally because it’s hard to discover it until you have set hopes on having a baby.
A special physical therapy technique helps treating infertility, which is not only cheaper than the contemporary fertility treatment like in-vitro fertilization. Physical therapy is also less invasive and easier than most traditional practices.
Causes of Infertility:
Pain during sex, hormonal imbalances, and adhesions, are the three primary causes of infertility in women. Infertility can take place due to adhesions or internal scars that occur wherever the body heals from infection, inflammation, surgery, trauma or endometriosis (a condition where the uterine lining grows outside the uterus). These adhesions act like an internal glue and can block fallopian tubes, cover the ovaries so that the eggs cannot escape, or form on the walls of the uterus, decreasing the chance for implantation. Reproductive structures need mobility in order to function correctly.
How Can Physiotherapy Help?
Physical therapy removes the glue-like adhesions that bind structures. A professional physiotherapist manually manipulates the pelvic visceral organs from the outside. The treatment focuses on gently pushing a woman’s abdomen. You may ask - How does pushing on a woman’s abdomen help boost her baby-making chances?
Primarily by increasing blood flow and mobility. A malpositioned uterus, restricted ovaries, scar tissue, or endometriosis, can all reduce blood flow to the reproductive organs, limiting fertility. Blood flow is increased by repositioning the organs and breaking up scar tissue. This not only makes your reproductive system healthier, but also helps your body to balance out its hormones naturally. It prepares your pelvis and organs for optimal function.
Therapists also work closely with patients to address mental needs as well as physical. Because of physiotherapy’s non-invasive and cost-effectiveness, it’s recommended to try physical therapy before any other fertility treatments. At the end of the day, every women wants the same thing - a successful pregnancy and a happy, healthy mother. Some women can easily get pregnant, while other women need an ideal situation to conceive and that can take work. So that’s what our special physical therapists work on, helping them get to that point where they can conceive straightforwardly.
Down syndrome is genetic disorder in which babies are born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. This disorder is also called as Trisomy 21. How a baby grows in the mother’s womb before birth is determined by chromosomes, and how the baby’s body functions after birth, and normally, a baby is born with 46 chromosomes. Babies born with an extra copy of chromosome 21 is Down Syndrome, and it changes the typical development of the brain and the body, causing mental and physical challenges.
Most children with Down Syndrome have delayed mental and physical development. Approximately 45% of newborn babies with Down Syndrome have congenital heart defects, and many children also have an intellectual disability due to Down Syndrome. Although Down Syndrome continues throughout a person’s lifespan, children and adults can improve their ability to perform movement activities and everyday tasks with the help of physical therapists and other health professionals. Physical therapy can help prevent some of the complications of Down Syndrome such as developmental delay, obesity, and lower levels of heat or cardiovascular fitness.
Signs and Symptoms of Down Syndrome
Down Syndrome may be detected during pregnancy by screening or diagnostic tests. The disorder can be detected at birth by the baby’s physical characteristics, if not detected before birth. The symptoms of Down Syndrome generally include physical and intellectual differences that continue into adulthood and can range from mild to severe.
The physical characteristics include:
Additional symptoms as the baby develops include:
Physical therapists will work with the family and other healthcare professionals to reduce or prevent these symptoms. Strong education environments, good medical care include therapy from the preschool through high school and into the adulthood. Support from families can help keep adults with Down Syndrome as healthy as possible.
A child’s physiotherapists will perform an evaluation that includes:
Sciatica is the symptom of pain down the leg that people may experience because of a low back problem. The sciatic nerve starts at the low back and goes down the buttock and branches out through the back of the leg to the foot. There are many reasons as to why the sciatic nerve may be symptomatic.
Common problems resulting in sciatica may include a herniated disc, stenosis or narrowing of the nerve space, tightness in the hip, or misalignment of the pelvis. Pain, numbness, tingling, cramping, burning and weakness in the muscles of the involved leg are the symptoms of sciatica.
When patients engage in a regular program of gentle exercises, they can recover more quickly from sciatica pain and are less likely to have future episodes of pain. Physical therapy exercises incorporating a combination of strengthening, stretching, and aerobic conditioning are a central component of almost any sciatica treatment plan.
General Physiotherapy Exercises for Sciatica pain:
Physiotherapy exercises for sciatica usually focusses on three key areas - strengthening, stretching and aerobic conditioning:
Regular movement is vital to provide healing nutrients to the injured structures that are causing the pain. We at HCR specialize in providing appropriate physical therapy and exercise programs and instruction. Our professional physiotherapists are well equipped with various physiotherapy techniques, exercises and knowledge through which they can help remedy your physical health disorders or problems.