Are you facing mild and constant joint pain in areas such as your hips, fingers, neck, knee, or spine? This could be a sign of Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition where the cartilage in the joint is broken down. Cartilage is a rubbery material that covers the end of the bones in the joints. It reduces friction by serving as a shock absorber. When faced with osteoarthritis, the cartilage loses its flexibility, becomes stiff, and reduces its ability to absorb shock. Thus, causing pain. If the pain is constant, then you should take measures before the condition of your joints becomes severe.
Physical therapy can be one of the measures that you might want to consider. A physiotherapist can help you with certain exercises to deal with the condition. Here are some exercises that physiotherapists use to treat osteoarthritis.
Flexibility exercises help stretch your muscles to release the stiffness causing you joint pain. These exercises include gentle stretching of of legs, hand, or back, depending on the area that is being treated. For instance, for knee osteoarthritis, calf stretching and leg raises may be recommended to relieve the stiffness and improve flexibility. Make sure you do this under the supervision of a physical or exercise therapy professional.
Strengthening exercises work on the muscle strength by contracting them. While this might seem painful when you have osteoarthritis, it can actually be beneficial. This is because joints need movement as that is when the blood flow is improved and the area gets nourished. Quad sets, calf strengthening through balancing on your toes, and more are used to strengthen the joints and surrounding muscles and relieve you of the pain resulting from osteoarthritis.
Weight loss and building endurance are important aspects of treating osteoarthritis. At times, the condition can worsen because of the amount of body weight that it takes. This is especially true for knees and hips. Extra pounds can add weight on your knee and hip joint and cause osteoarthritis. Walking, swimming, biking, rowing, etc., are recommended to burn the extra weight and improve your lung and heart strength. Go gentle on yourself if you are new to exercising. Start with a few minutes or a minimum number of rounds and gradually increase.
If you are suffering from osteoarthritis, then delay not and get it treated the natural way now. Connect with our physiotherapy professionals. We value your comfort and offer our services in the comfort of your home.
What are Throwing Injuries?
Throwing injuries are injuries caused to the shoulder, arm, wrist, or elbow due to overhand sports like softball, baseball, and basketball or due to activities that cause stress in any of the parts of the hand. Constant pressure, over time, can lead to serious conditions like tendonitis, ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries, and Superior Labral tear from Anterior to Posterior (SLAP). Common types of these throwing injuries are rotator cuff injuries, labral tears, and shoulder impingement and instability.
Physical therapy is one of the oldest methods to heal and repair the damage caused due to such injuries. It uses a routine of exercises, manual pressure techniques, and physical agents, like electrical impulses and superficial temperature applications, for recovery from such wounds. Here, we explain how physical therapy helps with different types of throwing injuries.
Damages to the rotator cuff (four muscles that stabilize and allow the shoulder to move), like tears and impingement, are the most common shoulder injuries that can be fixed with exercise therapy. Other disorders that can be treated with exercise therapy include shoulder, back, and neck aches, dislocation of the muscles, frozen joints, and strain and pulling of the tendons. Some of the exercises used for such injuries are:
These drills work on the shoulder, back, and the chest muscles. They loosen the muscles in these parts by facilitating improved blood flow and supplying nutrients to the areas.
Side-lying External Rotation
This exercise is specially used for rotator cuff injuries. It strengthens the rotator cuff, offering better balance and stability to the upper arm muscles.
This exercise can be performed either while standing or sitting. It helps in stretching the muscles of the arm, increasing their flexibility, and restoring the range of motion. It also helps in improving the coordination of the muscles in the shoulder and the back.
It is the manual application of pressure by the therapist to manipulate the tissues and muscles for healing. The various techniques used in manual therapy and the injuries they heal are as follows:
Massages improve lymphatic drainage, blood circulation in the joints and tendons, increases muscle flexibility and connectivity of the tissues, and relieves you of spasms and cramps.
It helps in the decrease of gamma gain, resolving the hypersensitivity to stretching and muscle flexing. It also loosens the tight fascia, restoring mobility in the limbs.
This technique helps in restoring and replacing the joints to their original positions. It brings about the stimulation of the joint receptors, boosting their connectivity with the surrounding joints and muscles.
This form of therapy is used when inner tissues are damaged or for conditions where the techniques mentioned above do not work. Temperature, electrical stimulations, and ultrasound are the commonly used agents that aid in pain relief, regulation of blood flow, clearing the restriction of muscles, and unlocking muscle spasms.
Throwing injuries are very common with athletes. Read here to know more about how useful physical therapy is for athletes. Physical therapy offers healing benefits to treat a lot of disorders like strokes, blood pressure, and arthritis. We, at InHome Physical Therapy and Massage, offer experienced therapists to help with such problems that can be dealt with physical therapy.
Physical therapy is a healing practice that employs exercises, muscular force, and physical agents to fix and recover from injury or chronic pain. It is recommended by doctors in the following cases:
- To relieve pain or alleviate its severity
- To restore or improve muscle control, increase muscle agility, decrease stiffness, and enhance muscle flexibility
- To recover from an injury, an accident, or a surgery
- To control conditions like diabetes, arthritis, stroke, vertigo and heart diseases.
A physical therapist studies your medical history before deciding on a routine for your recovery, and an appropriate form of treatment is chosen for you. Physical therapy is a broad term and it employs various ways to treat conditions. It includes:
1) Exercise Therapy
The focus of exercise therapy is to strengthen the muscles and joints. By prescribing various drills, the flexibility and the range of motion of your muscles are enhanced. The tasks suggested also aid in reducing pain, facilitating blood flow to the muscles, improving bone density, and maintaining an ideal posture. A few exercises that are used in this method are cross body stretches, spine windmills, side body extensions, and knee stretches and presses.
2) Manual Therapy
Manual therapy requires the therapist to apply muscular pressure on the patient’s sore areas to soothe and ease the pain. This technique is mostly used for swellings and muscle knots in the body, especially in the back and the neck area. It helps loosen up stiffened joints, allows easy blood circulation, and reduces swelling, inflammation or tension in the muscle tissues. Soft tissue mobilization, myofascial release, strain and counterstrain, joint mobilization, muscle energy techniques are some of the practices used in manual therapy.
3) Physical Agents
This form of treatment uses physical entities like thermal, electrical, light, sound, and mechanical stimulations to help with pain reduction. These techniques are employed in cases where exercise or manual therapy cannot help. Various forms of superficial heat and cold applications are used for deep tissue healing. Mechanical energy of the ultrasound and varying degree of electrical pulses are used for nerve simulations in the body. The most common form of physical agent used is the electrophysical.
4) Wound Care
Wound care is generally used in a hospital setting to help patients cope up after surgeries. Necrotic, diabetic, chronic, arterial, and non-healing surgical wounds are treated by this form of therapy. Therapists closely analyze your medical condition and work with your physician to help in the quick recovery of the injuries.
Physical therapy can be applied in a lot of disciplines like orthopedics, neurological, cardiopulmonary, and geriatric therapy. Your therapist may opt for a single healing practice or a mix of them depending on the problem to be fixed. Read here to know more about other healing benefits of physical therapy. You can also book a consultation at InHome Physical Therapy and Massage for therapy sessions that we offer.
Are you wondering about the reason behind that annoying muscle ache? Muscle pain can occur due to various reasons like improper posture or overstretching of a muscle. It can range from a mild discomfort to severe pain. Sometimes, muscle knots can be a one of the reasons for your muscle pain. Being able to locate and apply pressure on the affected area might help you get rid of the problem. Physiotherapy can be helpful in treating muscle knots. Let’s discuss about muscle knots and how they can be treated in detail:
What are Muscle Knots?
Have you ever been caught-up in a situation where you are lying in bed, and suddenly you feel tremendous pain in your neck? Yes, that could be due to a muscle knot. Muscle knot is a condition where the muscle fibers stick and adhere to each other. Improper posture, sedentary lifestyle, and overworking of the muscle can all result in a muscle knot. Muscle knots (also known as myofascial trigger points) are hard and can lead to tremendous pain and restriction in movement in the affected area. Their favourite spot to appear is neck, shoulders, and back.
How can Muscle Knots be Treated?
Give your Body Some Rest
If your body aches, then it’s a sign that your body needs a break. Maybe your body wants you to hold your horses for a while. If you have been constantly indulging in strenuous physical activities that is causing you pain and may even have resulted in muscle knots, then you should avoid such activities for a while and let your body rest. Take breaks. It could be going for a massage or sleeping in a comfortable position. This way you’ll avoid further damage and also ease the tension in the muscles.
Go for a Massage Therapy
Since the knot makes the muscle hard, it’s not easy to break-up the knot and revive the tissues. If resting your body does not help you get rid of the pain, then you may require professional help. You can avail massage therapy services to loosen-up your muscle knots. The gentle strokes and pressure on trigger points can be break the knots, improve blood circulation in the area, and reduce pain.
Or Maybe Physical Therapy
Physical therapy is all about stretching and applying pressure techniques on your muscles to release the tension and improve flexibility. A physiotherapist is trained in exercises that reduces pain and improves or restores the mobility of your muscles. After looking at your condition, the physiotherapist designs the treatment plan. This may include some exercises. These exercises taught to you can reduce pain and prevent muscle knots from recurring. Massage therapy may also be suggested.
If you think you have developed muscle knots, then you may consider going for physiotherapy or massage therapy to rid yourself of the pain. You may also contact us at InHome Physical Therapy and Massage, and we’ll help you heal in the comfort of your home.
Deep tissue massage is a type of massage therapy that focuses on the deep layers of your muscles, tendons, and fascia. Used for therapy and rehabilitation, this kind of massage is performed by using fingers to pressurize the muscles with strokes that are firm and slow. Deep tissue massage releases the tension and stiffness of the tissues deep inside your muscles. When undergoing a deep tissue massage therapy you can expect a bit of discomfort, but the result that you get is really impressive. You will not only get rid of the pain in the affected area but also enjoy its various benefits as mentioned below:
Reduces Chronic Pain
Muscle pain is caused due to various reasons, such as improper sitting posture, overstretching of the muscle, muscle pull, etc. Accidents can also lead to muscle damage and this can result in chronic pain. Once the therapist locates the affected area, then they will apply the required pressure to release the stiffness within the muscles and get rid of the pain.
Joints connect our bones and help with our daily movements. When you suffer a joint and muscle pain, your ability to flex and move your muscles reduces. Deep tissue massage works on the affected area and applies pressure techniques to release the tension and improves mobility.
Maintains Blood Pressure
Our busy and stressful lifestyles can easily make us victim to high blood pressure. The constant stress and anxiety, if not dealt with, can lead to serious conditions like heart stroke or heart attack. The massage techniques applied in a deep tissue massage therapy improves the blood flow in your body. The entire process is soothing and helps relax your mind, relieving you of the stress and anxiety. As a result, it helps you maintain your heart rate and blood pressure levels.
Breaks Down Scar Tissues
When you suffer an injury or a muscle tear, the healing process results in a scar tissue. These tissues are formed of collagen fibre, whose main function is the repair of damaged fibres within the body. Scar tissues can restrict flexibility as their elasticity is lower than the natural tissues. Because of this nature, you may even suffer injury on the same area again. Deep tissue massage helps break down these tissues and promote proper healing of the tissues. Going for a deep tissue massage can help you decrease pain and promote unrestricted mobility.
While these are some, a deep tissue massage can get you many more benefits. If you’ve been wanting to rid yourself of the built up stress or need to cope with an injury, then you can avail of our massage therapy services at InHome Physical Therapy.
A stroke is a "brain attack". It is a physical condition where the blood supply to the brain is cut off. This causes the brain cells to die, affecting the functions controlled by those cells. A stroke can cause memory loss, paralysis, and loss of muscle control throughout the body. It is necessary to know the signs and symptoms of a stroke to prevent or mitigate any severe damage to the body. Following are some signs of a stroke that you need to look for to provide immediate medical help.
Warning Signs of a Stroke
An easy mnemonic to remember the symptoms of a stroke, just before it occurs, is FAST. It stands for
F – Face Drooping
Ask the person showing subtle signs of a stroke to smile. Due to paralysis , the muscles in one side of the body become numb, and the face looks as if it is drooping on that side, making the smile uneven.
A – Arm Weakness
A person suffering a stroke loses muscle control and struggles for a simple motion of the limbs. So, ask them to lift their arms up. If they can’t, it’s a sign of a stroke.
S – Speech Difficulty
A stroke also affects the facial muscles and leads to an impaired speech. Thus, a person suffering from a stroke will experience difficulty in talking.
T – Time to Call 911
If the person shows any of the symptoms mentioned above, then there are higher chances of an inevitable stroke and it is time to call 911 immediately.
Some other symptoms of a stroke are:
1) Weakness in the body, ‘pins and needles’ sensations, numbness in the limbs, and muscle stiffness
2) Loss of memory, lack of concentration and attention, and confusion
3) Trouble with balance and coordination, dizziness, and behavioral changes
4) Impaired or blurry vision, and severe headache
Physical Therapy and how it Helps
Physical therapy is a healing technique which employs movements, exercises, and manual force to fix muscle disorders or regain muscle control in the case of paralysis and stroke. Various forms of physical therapy are used in stroke rehabilitation.
Exercise therapy includes different exercises to restore the functioning of the affected muscles. Routines based on stretching, bending, rotation, muscle lifts and pulls, and endurance building workouts are scheduled for stroke patients. These exercises help in regaining muscle control, build stamina, and boost the form and functionality of the muscles to the original form.
Manual therapy for stroke patients focuses on loosening up tension in any muscles or joints in the body by the application of massage and other pressure by the therapist. Techniques like strain, counterstrain, myofascial release, joint mobilization, and soft tissue mobilization help in releasing the tight knots, muscle spasms and cramps in the limbs, or any other muscle tension due to the paralytic symptoms during a stroke.
Finally, physical therapy employs agents like electrical pulses, temperature, thermal and mechanical applications of ultrasound, light, and sound signals to fix any ligament damage in the body. Electrical signals are mostly used to treat the speech impairment.
Physical therapy can be used for many other healing benefits. If you wish to consult a physician or a therapist to help you with your condition, you can contact us at InHome Physical Therapy and Massage.