Removal of mucus from certain parts of the lungs by using gravity and proper positioning to bring the secretions into the throat where it’s easier to remove them, is postural drainage. Segments called ‘lobes’ divide the lungs. Right lung is divided into three lobes (right upper lobe, right middle lobe and right lower lobe), while the left lung has only two lobes (left upper lobe and lower lobe).
Postural drainage is one way to help breathing problems due to swelling and too much mucus in the airways of the lungs. With postural drainage, you get into a position that helps drain fluid out of the lungs. Doing so may help -
When is the Treatment Most Effective?
A chest physiotherapist will show you the best position for postural drainage. The treatment often works best in the morning. This allows the mucus to be removed that has built up during the night. Sometimes a treatment can be done at night to reduce the need for coughing during sleep to remove the mucus from the throat. Ensure you wait at least 1-2 hours after eating before you start the treatment, as this helps prevent nausea or vomiting. Chest physical therapy just before meals may cause you to become tired and may decrease appetite.
Steps for Postural Drainage Therapy
Percussion and Vibration
Your doctor or physiotherapist may also suggest percussion and vibration techniques. Percussion helps break up think fluids in the lungs. Either you or someone else claps a hand on your ribs while you are lying down. This can be done with or without clothing on your chest.
Vibration is like percussion, however with a flat hand that gently shakes your ribs.
Your physiotherapist will show you how exactly it’s supposed to be done. Do percussion or vibration for 5 to 7 minutes in each area of the chest. Do this on all of the areas of your chest or back, wherever your physiotherapist tells you to. When you finish, take a deep breath and cough. This helps bring up any phlegm, which you can then spit out. In order to know more about the different techniques that can be followed to remove mucus from your lungs, contact our professional physiotherapist in Edmonton. They have abundance of experience and knowledge in the field of physical therapy, and they will help you right from the first step to the last one.
Lymphedema is the swelling of limbs, which commonly occurs on the back of hands or legs. It doesn’t usually occur on the face and genitalia. Lymphedema happens due to poor function of lymphatic system or obstruction of lymphatic vessels. When there is an inability to remove lymphatic fluids, due to either genetic insufficiency or damage to the lymphatic system, one suffers from lymphedema.
Lymphedema may be diagnosed by a primary care physician, general surgeon and / or vascular surgeon. A physiotherapist who has received specialized training in Complete Decongestive Therapy for Lymphedema treatment, is the best to be approached if you’re suffering from lymphedema.
Causes of Lymphedema:
Signs and Symptoms:
Physical Therapy for Lymphedema:
The goal is of physiotherapy is to restore function, reduce physical and psychological suffering, and prevent the development of infection. Lymphedema physical therapy consists of massage, manual drainage of the blocked lymphatic fluid, and management of the condition with compression garments. To normalize the size of the affected limb, elevation and treatment with air compression bladders may also be used. The therapy is typically performed by a special physical therapist, initially in a medical facility, and then continued daily by the patient and a caretaker at home.
Goals of Physiotherapy:
Patients undergoing physiotherapy can take several other actions to improve the effects of physical therapy. They should avoid tight clothing, salty and spicy foods. Continued elevation of the affected limb can aid in drainage and relieve pressure from the affected limb. It’s also important to keep the skin dry and clean in order to avoid infection. You can contact our professional physiotherapists in Edmonton, if you or anyone you know is suffering from lymphedema.
Scoliosis is medical condition wherein the spine gets curved sideward, resulting in one or even two curves, making the spine appear more like an ‘S’ shape. In some cases, the spine shows a rotation component. This rotation starts when scoliosis becomes more pronounced. This is known as torsion-scoliosis, causing a gibbus. Scoliosis can be present from birth. Such instances are called congenital scoliosis.
Other types of scoliosis can be developed during growth, and the causes for this are yet to be found.
Types of Scoliosis:
Symptoms of Scoliosis:
Physical signs that parents should look for in children after the age of 8 are -
Scoliosis does not result from poor posture, which is contrary to common belief. But, it can progress to a more severe curve as a result of poor posture of weak spinal muscles.
Diagnosis of Scoliosis:
Diagnosis of Scoliosis is usually undertaken during a routine clinical examination by your physiotherapist or doctor.
Your physiotherapist will examine your spine, shoulders, rib cage, pelvis, legs and feet for abnormalities and asymmetry. If they suspect a significant scoliosis, they will arrange for X-rays to confirm your cobb angle- or severity of scoliosis.
Treatment for Scoliosis:
Scoliosis can be treated by therapeutic options in cases of congenital scoliosis include congenital or surgical approaches.
Physical therapy has three important tasks: to inform, advise and instruct. For the treatment of scoliosis, it’s not only important to do the correct exercises but the physical therapist also informs the patient about his / her situation. To prevent the worsening of scoliosis, some physiotherapists recommend a brace. Results demonstrate that brace treatment is better than no-treatment or electrical stimulation.
Physical therapy aims consist of -
Performing appropriate exercises with the guidance of a professional physiotherapist is a must. A physiotherapist knows which side is curved and accordingly designs a plan of routine exercises that the patient has to perform and follow strictly. If you’re suffering from any type of scoliosis, do not hesitate to contact our professional physiotherapists who can help your remedy the problem.
Hemiplegia is paralysis of one side of the body, either left or right. It’s a common side effect of stroke or cerebrovascular accident. Hemiplegia usually impacts children, however it’s a lifelong condition and so it also affects adults. Physiotherapy provides service and information for adults with hemiplegia and also gives a general idea of hemiplegia and its effects.
Hemiplegia is caused by injury to parts of the brain that control movements of the limbs, trunk, face, etc. This condition can occur before, during or soon after birth (within 2 years), such a condition is called ‘congenital hemiplegia’. It can also happen later in life as a result of an injury or illness, in which case it is termed as ‘acquired hemiplegia’. Generally, an injury to the left side of the brain will cause right hemiplegia and injury to right side will cause left hemiplegia.
About 80% of cases are congenital, whereas 20% cases have ‘acquired hemiplegia’. Hemiplegia can also be said as a form of cerebral palsy, a descriptive name for a wider group of conditions in which movement and posture are affected owing to injury to the brain. These conditions are lifelong and non-progressive, i.e. they do not get worse, but they may look different over time, partly because the child is growing and developing.
Causes of Hemiplegia:
The causes of hemiplegia are mostly unknown yet, and usually parents only become aware of their child’s hemiplegia during infancy or early childhood as the child shows difficulties with movement on one side, which later become obvious. There is higher risk of hemiplegia in premature babies and mothers experiencing multiple pregnancies. However, it is unclear whether a difficult birth may by an occasional factor.
In most cases, the injury occurs at some point during pregnancy, and researchers have yet been unable to isolate any contributory factors. Some studies speculate that there could be an increased risk in communities where marriage between close relatives is common.
Acquired hemiplegia results from brain injury. The most common cause is a stroke (when a bleed or blood clot damages part of the brain), but it can also result from a head injury or infection.
Effects of Hemiplegia:
Hemiplegia affects each child differently, so it’s difficult to generalize. A varying degree of weakness, stiffness (spasticity) and lack of control in the affected side of the body are the most obvious results. One child may have little use of hand, or may limp or have poor balance; and in another child it will be so slight that it only shows when the child attempts some specific physical activity.
Treatment for Hemiplegia has a Multidisciplinary Approach:
Your child’s management will probably be based on a multidisciplinary approach, which includes physiotherapy, occupational therapy and possibly speech therapy. A physiotherapist and often an occupational therapist will closely with each other and with the child’s parents, to agree a programme of management with specific goals that are tailored to the child’s development and needs.
The aim will be to improve the child’s participation in everyday activities, like playing, feeding, dressing, school life, etc. The therapists will work to develop the child’s skills, assessing posture and providing muscle stretching, and possibly strengthening activities. Doing so will help prevent secondary consequences of the condition such as pain or the development of contractures (abnormal shortening of the muscles).
Treatment goals also include improving function so that the child can grasp an object with the affected hand, or walk better. A child with hemiplegia will be treated as normally as possible. It is essential to involve the affected side in play and everyday activities, to make your child as ‘two-sided’ as he or she can be. Our professional physiotherapists are well equipped with knowledge, skills and determination to help children re-live their lives as perfectly as they can!
We have all experienced involuntary muscle contractions and spasms. Some people get them right before they sleep, some people get them during sleep, and sometimes it just happens. Dystonia however, is a medical term used to describe a range of movement disorder in which an individual may have involuntary muscle contractions or spasms, which may either be sustained and may come and go.
Dystonia is a neurological condition caused by underlying problems with the brain and nervous system. However, brain functions such as intelligence, memory and language are unaffected. There are many types of dystonia, but the main ones are Primary and Secondary.
Let’s take a look at how physiotherapy can help cure dystonia.
Most people with primary dystonia do not have any specific causes, and are believed to be associated with genetic mutations that occur in childhood. Other possible causes include:
Symptoms of dystonia vary depending on the type of dystonia. Symptoms usually start in the early stages of life, and usually start in the arms and legs, before spreading to other body parts. Some general symptoms experienced by patients with dystonia are:
There is no general procedure to diagnose dystonia. It requires investigating and identifying the precise nature and specific features of the type of dystonia. Diagnosis may include:
Medical history: your doctor may ask you questions related to when your symptoms started? How did they occur? How fast has the condition progressed? Etc.
Urine and blood test: to check if your organs such as liver are functioning properly, and if any infections are present.
Genetic testing: to check for abnormal genes associated to a specific type of dystonia.
MRI scans: to check whether there is any brain damage, or whether the condition is affecting the brain or not.
There are four main types of treatment that control involuntary movement and muscle spasms in dystonia. These include:
Botulinum Toxin:a purified substance that’s derived from bacteria. This helps weaken the muscles so they don’t contract.
Medication: Certain medications like anticholinergics, may be prescribed to reduce the severity of dystonia.
Physiotherapy: is the best form of non-surgical treatment. This improves blood circulation, increases range-of-motion, and restores strength and flexibility. Physiotherapy is also used for pain and stress management. It involves exercises that eventually let the patient independently perform daily tasks.
Surgery: when dystonia does not respond to the above-mentioned treatment options, surgery is the only option available. It should be avoided in the case of children. Surgery may include Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS).
Dystonia can make life difficult for the patient. Physiotherapy aims at eliminating the cause of the symptoms, and reduces the growth rate of the condition. For more information on the benefits of physiotherapy, contact our team of experts today.
Many people suffer from the negative effects of bad posture, yet they do not wish to make any changes until a serious issue arises. Postural dysfunction or "Poor" posture is defined as when our spine is positioned in unnatural positions, in which the curves are emphasized and this results in the joints, muscles and vertebrae being in stressful positions. This prolonged poor positioning results in a buildup of pressure on these tissues. Good posture can be maintained with the use a posture brace, posture support, posture exercises support or even posture taping. However, physiotherapy is known to improve posture. Let’s take a look at how physiotherapy helps poor posture.
What are the symptoms of bad posture?
Poor posture can lead to a lot of ailments that may not seem to bad in the beginning, but can become worse if nothing has been done about it. Poor posture can result in:
Can you change poor posture?
Many people have poor postural habits that have developed over a long period of time. Due to these habits, joints gradually tighten up, restricting spinal movement and affecting posture. As a result, obtaining correct postural alignment often feels difficult and unnatural. This can be changed with practice.It is important to remember that your ability to maintain correct postural alignment won't develop over night. Every time you find yourself slouching, don't give up, just think of it as a time you can correct your position and do something productive, thereby gradually breaking bad habits.
How does physiotherapy help poor posture?
Physiotherapy treatment may significantly help to minimize, if not eliminate, postural dysfunction. Most patients will experience decreased pain once their posture is corrected. Here are some ways in which physiotherapy helps people who suffer from poor posture:
Painful conditions associated with poor posture are so common that most people have some firsthand knowledge of these problems. You shouldn’t have to suffer from bad posture anymore. All you need to do is make a conscious effort in maintaining a good posture. If you find it difficult to do it yourself, take the help of modalities such as posture support, posture brace or even posture taping.
Along with that, it is important to take the help of a professional physiotherapist. Consult the experts at HCR Calgary for a professional check up and a personalized treatment plan.
At some point in our lives, we all have experienced depression. It is an inevitable emotional experience that we must all face. Some might agree that it is necessary for personal growth. And it is! However, different people have different ways of handling depression. Some will undertake recreational activities; some will take recreational drugs and other intoxicants, while others wallow in self-pity. However there are some types of remedies that deal with depression, which can be incorporated by anybody and everybody. Let’s take a look at some of the natural remedies and treatment methods that can cure depression.
Depression occurs mostly due to some form of mental or physical stress. Stress can lead to a lot of different types of conditions, and they can be mental or physical. Stress can cause headaches, migraines, neck and backaches, joint pains, fatigue, and a low mood in general.
Massage therapy is the most desired choice for those individuals who deal with depression and stress on a regular basis. A massage session may seem like a luxurious choice, but it is a relatively common form of treatment for various types of ailments and injuries. A therapeutic massage session can elevate someone’s mood; relieve tensed muscles and joints, making the individual feel freer. Not only that, a message detoxifies your body, which maybe the cause of you feeling low.
Individuals who take massage sessions feel happier, more lightheaded and seem to have a new level of clarity to think things through. With an attitude like that depression does not stand a chance.
In today’s world, we are so spoilt with technological advances, that we as humans are becoming lazier by the day. Most individuals who are inactive throughout the day feel more tired and lazy than those who are active. This is because of the static nature of the lazy individual. Even though there are so many biological processes going on in the body at one time, proving that your body is full of non-stop energy, individuals choose to do sit and watch TV, or do nothing about all that amazing energy.
For individuals who do not workout often, physiotherapy is the best way to deal with depression and feeling low. Physiotherapy does not include only exercises. It also involves massage (if required). Physical therapy involves stretching and strengthening exercises, which improve flexibility, range-of-motion and overall fitness. Your physiotherapist will not only make you perform exercises, he will help you set an exercise routine, realistic, measureable and achievable goals and a diet plan. All of which will benefit only you!
Besides the above-mentioned pointers, in order to reduce your levels of depression, you should keep your mind, body and spirit happy. This means eating healthy, getting plenty sleep, taking on challenges and responsibilities, and most importantly have fun! If that doesn’t work, try doing something you have never done in your life. It may not decrease your depression, but will surely divert your mind from it.
If you’re ready to take your first step towards a happier life, contact our team of experts so we can get started.
Physiotherapy helps restore movement and function to as near normal as possible when someone is affected by injury, illness or by developmental or other disability. Musculoskeletal physiotherapists have expertise in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, which includes muscles, joints and soft tissues. It employees advanced clinical assessment and diagnosis methods. Musculoskeletal problems may occur without any apparent cause or may be related to other reasons e.g. postural strain; age changes; arthritis; following sport and leisure activity injuries (e.g. sprains, strains, tendonitis) or following broken bones or fractures or after surgery. Lets take a look at musculoskeletal physiotherapy and its benefits.
What are the injuries that musculoskeletal physiotherapy treats?
Musculoskeletal disorders are any injuries, damage or pain in the body’s muscle tissue, joints, nerves, ligaments, tendons and muscular or skeletal structures that support the limbs or the back.There are various musculoskeletal disorders treated by physiotherapists who specialize in musculoskeletal physiotherapy, such as:
These injuries require therapy assessment and treatment session. Upon assessment the physiotherapist will set goals and develop an appropriate rehabilitation plan. This leads us to the second question.
How does musculoskeletal physiotherapy help?
Some of the treatments that the musculoskeletal physiotherapist may use can include:
Some of the treatment methods used to treat musculoskeletal issues include:
The most appropriate treatments will be selected upon the clinical judgment and the experience of the musculoskeletal physiotherapist on the findings from the initial assessment. Treatments for musculoskeletal injuries aim to:
Musculoskeletal physiotherapy aims to help the patient recover from their condition more quickly through regular treatment sessions and to develop coping strategies to aid the patient during the recovery process and prevent secondary problems from occurring.
Your condition and unique set of symptoms will be taken into account when your physiotherapist is putting together his or her treatment plan. If musculoskeletal physiotherapy is recommended for you, don’t be afraid to ask questions to your physiotherapist and make sure you understand what treatment is recommended and that your expectations are realistic.
For further queries, contact our team of experts at HCR Calgary.
Image Source: http://clubhousephysiotherapy.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/musculoskeletal-pic.jpg
As much as we hate it and try to avoid it, stress will be a part of our lives (unfortunately). Increased levels of stress, especially the negative kind, can have a huge impact on health, and lead to illnesses, headaches, neck, lower back pains and stomach problems.
If not managed properly, stress can have many long-term effects that can negatively affect your life. It can create mental blocks that are hard to break, and may lead to wrong habits such as consuming alcohol and drugs, to get rid of stress. This is only a temporary fix and assures the return of stress.
On the other hand, there are many ways (besides intoxication) that can help reduce and eliminate stress. Lets look at some causes and symptoms related to stress, and what treats it.
What can cause stress?
There are many possible causes of stress. This is because every individual is different and responds to different situations differently. However, let's look at some common causes that escalate stress levels in our daily lives:
Stress related to work: this could be related to your boss giving you stress, completion of an important project, risk of looking for a job, lack of career growth, etc.
Financial reasons: this is a major reason for stress to dwell across the globe. People stress over not being able to achieve financial stability, rent issues, salary issues, the burden of hospital bills after a sudden tragic medical emergency, etc.
Social reasons: everyday we encounter stressful situations, with our loved ones, strangers, etc. This could include break-ups, divorce, social boycott, etc.
Personal reasons: people can be stressed about virtually anything. This could relate to your favorite football team losing an important match, or not being able to do something you’ve really wanted to do, for example you want to take a vacation, but cannot due to family.
Global reasons: this could include stress related to a mass population. The case of Syria causes stress to not only Syrians, but also all those who are concerned for them. Another example would be global warming.
Stress can lead to headaches, pains, illnesses and psychological disorders (in severe cases).
We all know that laughter is the best medicine. But exercise comes second to none. Physiotherapy aims at reducing stress by mentally, emotionally detaching them from the cause of stress. Physiotherapy for stress may include:
Massage therapy: Which helps the stressed individual relax, mentally and physically; uplifting their moods and making them feel happier.
Exercises: Inactivity can leave an individual feeling not so good about himself. Exercise is known to revitalize the mood and refresh the individual. Plus it helps keep you fit and in shape.
Stress therapy: This is usually for working individuals who spend a lot of time on their desks, and in front of their computers. This can lead to stiffness in the lower back and neck. Massage in the office is a great way to deal with stress at work. That is if your office provides you this facility.
Have you had a stressed out day? Are you looking for some peace of mind and relaxation? Well, why wait any longer? Contact our team of professional physiotherapists today, and get rid of that unwanted stress.