Ankle sprains can be quite irritating because they limit your mobility due to the pain and loss of proprioception which is the bodies ability to sense movement within joints and joint position. Ankle injuries are very common and have the same chance of occurrence if you are walking to a tube station or participating in a sporting activity. If you are armed with the right information, you can successfully avoid this injury and save up on the time which would otherwise be lost on recovery from such an injury.
Common causes of ankle sprains
Ankle sprains are caused by damage to the ligaments that connect the bones in the foot, ankle and lower leg. Damage to the ligaments might be caused by unnatural stretching of the ankle to a point where it cannot take it anymore and as a result, the ligament tears, strains and may even cause an evulsion fracture which is a fracture caused by the tearing off of a bone fragment along with the ligaments . There are three most common types of ankle sprain injuries – inverted, everted and high ankle injury.
Inversion injury is the most frequently occurring ankle injury which is caused by the outward protrusion of the ankle, while rest of the foot is positioned inwards. This abnormal stretching leads to ligament tear on the lateral side of the ankle. The eversion injury, though less common, occurs when the ankle is stretched inwards while rest of the foot is positioned outwards, damaging the inside ligaments. The high ankle sprain is the most uncommon injury of the three types. It is caused when the foot is placed firmly, blocking movement and the leg is turned inwards tearing the upper ligaments.
Severity of the injury
The severity of the injury is measured from the amount of damage caused to the ligaments. Here is the classification of the injury based on damage:
Preventing ankle sprains
There is no specific activity that can be singled out as a cause of ankle sprain and hence, you need to be careful when performing any day-to-day chores, but there are some exercises that can help to strengthen the muscles in and around your ankle joints. The use of a wobble board or an airex pad are a few pieces of equipment that your therapist may have you use to recover after an injury but you can strengthen this area in an attempt to prevent these types of injuries.
All it takes is a twist of an angle to cause a sprain. With these tips, you should be able to avoid such an injury.