Soft tissues are tissues in the body that support, connect and surround structures of the body, such as muscles, ligaments and tendons. Soft tissue injuries are some of the most common injuries in sport.
Some commonly known soft tissue injuries are muscle strains, ligament sprains and contusions. Trauma to muscles or tendons due to overstretching is referred to as a 'strain'. Tendons are fibrous bands that attach muscles to bone. Whereas, overstretching of ligaments is referred to as a 'sprain'. Ligaments are fibrous bands that hold bones together.
What are the symptoms?
When any soft tissue is damaged, there is usually immediate pain along with immediate or delayed swelling. Excessive swelling can slow the healing process. As a result of trauma and swelling, stiffness is also very commonly experienced.
Painkillers may be required and if you are not sure what to take, then you should seek advice from your physiotherapist. Avoid stretching the affected area as that could further weaken the damaged tissue. Unless your physiotherapist suggests you to undergo some exercises or activities, do not perform any activities that involves the movement of the affected area. Wait until proper healing takes place and your physiotherapist assigns you various exercises in order to slowly increase your activity levels that can be tolerated.
Some of the most general treatment methods include: P.R.I.C.E.R and No H.A.R.M
While undergoing the P.R.I.C.E.R treatment, you also should undergo no H.A.R.M treatment protocol.
Before seeing your physiotherapist, you should follow the P.R.I.C.E.R and no H.A.R.M protocols immediately after the injury. That will to an extent soothe your affected area and relieve you from intense pain.