If you’re an athlete, then injuries would be pretty common to you. Well, it’s obvious because sports injuries can happen anywhere in the body, and they don’t necessarily have to be related to bruises or swellings. Injury can be related to twisting of joints or any stiff blow to the muscles. Types of injuries are usually proportional to the type of sports activity an individual performs.
Let’s take a look at the different regions of body which are most commonly affected during any sports activity:
The most common place for sprain of the ligaments, strains of the muscle, or fractures of the bones are the wrists. Although they are not so delicate but are quite prone to injuries because of their excessive usage. Racquet sports (badminton, tennis, etc.), golf, and other sports involving grip can cause carpal tunnel syndrome, a condition that causes numbness in the hands due to a pinched nerve.
Golfer’s elbow and tennis elbow are the common injuries to the elbow. Inflammation and soreness on the outside part of the elbow, is termed as tennis elbow. It can be caused by a tear in the tendon that connects the muscle to the bone. Golfer’s elbow is a similar condition, however this condition affects the inside of the elbow.
A jammed finger is common injury to the hands and this occurs when the fingers are impacted directly, whether from collision with an object or the ground. A jammed finger typically heals completely as long as there is a no bone fracture or joint dislocation, while swelling and pain accompany the injury.
The shoulder joint is shallow, so it is prone to dislocation and stresses that lead to injury. A tear to one of the muscles or ligaments surrounding the shoulder joint, is one common shoulder injury known as a town rotator cuff. Part of the reason the shoulder is so adaptable is that a number of ligaments (connect bone to bone) and tendons (connect bone to muscle) work together to create the joint. The shoulder joint can also become dislocated when the head of the humerus bone in the arm is forcibly removed from the rotator cuff.
As the muscles of the upper back affect shoulder and arm movement, they are prone to pain resulting from overuse. More serious complications, especially those involving the vertebrae, are common in contact sports that can result in jarring movements of the head and neck.
There are many more different types of sports injuries that could affect your physical as well as mental health. Most minor sports injuries, such as bruises, sprains, and strains, can be treated with the RICE method: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. For more serious or chronic conditions, you should talk to your doctor or seek physical rehabilitation from professional physiotherapists in Edmonton, so you can make a complete recovery.
Soft tissues are tissues in the body that support, connect and surround structures of the body, such as muscles, ligaments and tendons. Soft tissue injuries are some of the most common injuries in sport.
Some commonly known soft tissue injuries are muscle strains, ligament sprains and contusions. Trauma to muscles or tendons due to overstretching is referred to as a 'strain'. Tendons are fibrous bands that attach muscles to bone. Whereas, overstretching of ligaments is referred to as a 'sprain'. Ligaments are fibrous bands that hold bones together.
What are the symptoms?
When any soft tissue is damaged, there is usually immediate pain along with immediate or delayed swelling. Excessive swelling can slow the healing process. As a result of trauma and swelling, stiffness is also very commonly experienced.
Painkillers may be required and if you are not sure what to take, then you should seek advice from your physiotherapist. Avoid stretching the affected area as that could further weaken the damaged tissue. Unless your physiotherapist suggests you to undergo some exercises or activities, do not perform any activities that involves the movement of the affected area. Wait until proper healing takes place and your physiotherapist assigns you various exercises in order to slowly increase your activity levels that can be tolerated.
Some of the most general treatment methods include: P.R.I.C.E.R and No H.A.R.M
While undergoing the P.R.I.C.E.R treatment, you also should undergo no H.A.R.M treatment protocol.
Before seeing your physiotherapist, you should follow the P.R.I.C.E.R and no H.A.R.M protocols immediately after the injury. That will to an extent soothe your affected area and relieve you from intense pain.
Whether you're a weekend warrior or a professional player, so long as you're a hockey player – reading this will do you good. You already know that hockey is a sport that is fast paced, strategic and full body contact. Those three characteristics alone should tell you it's important to be in shape when playing this game. Most hockey injuries happen because of high impact hits during the middle of a game. A knee injury or a separated shoulder can be season ending with painful rehabilitation.
Incorporating a good stretching routine can help to minimize muscle imbalances, prevent injury, improve your exercise tolerance and your hockey performance.
Common hockey injuries, and their prevention, include:
Athletes may suffer a concussion without getting "knocked out" (loss of consciousness). Players, coaches and parents should be aware of the typical symptoms and signs, including "not feeling right" and headache. Any player experiencing symptoms or displaying signs of a concussion should not return to play and should be medically evaluated.
The most common shoulder injuries in hockey are a shoulder separation and a broken collarbone. Ice and the walls are not forgiving, unfortunately our bodies are. This is why we wear pads; we want something other than our bodies to absorb the impacts. So to prevent shoulder injuries you must make sure that you have the proper gear. Whether it's a pro game on the ice of the Rexall Place or a small game out on a frozen lake or pond with friends, ice is still ice. It's hard and the impact can snap small bones like your collarbone.
Hockey players are at risk for low-back injuries due to the flexed (forward) posture of skating and the frequent hyperextension (backward) stress. Low-back pain and/or a pulled muscle are the most common injuries. Stretching of the hip flexors along with strengthening of the back and abdominal muscles will help avoid these injuries.
Due to the mechanics of skating motions and the agility required while playing hockey, the hip joint and muscles undergo a lot of stress. Common injuries include hip flexor or groin strains, hip bursitis, or tears in the cartilage. A proper stretching and strengthen program as well as padding over the lateral hip can help prevent them. You should incorporate an off-season program of stability and strengthening exercises to help reinforce the smaller muscles of the hip which when weak often contribute to injuries of the larger muscles or joints.
Fortunately, the overwhelming majority of hockey injuries are mild. Most injuries involve the soft tissues: bruises, muscle strains, ligament tears, and cuts. Serious injuries are possible and players should avoid dangerous tactics. A few tips for preventing injuries include:
The goal of a stroke rehabilitation program is to help you relearn the skills you lost when a stroke affected part of your brain. Stroke rehabilitation can help you regain independence and improve your quality of life.
The severity of stroke complications and each person's ability to recover his abilities varies widely. It has been found that the central nervous system is adaptive and can recover some functions, along with the fact that it's necessary to keep practicing regained skills.
What is post-stroke rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation helps stroke survivors relearn skills that are lost when part of the brain is damaged. For example, these skills can include coordinating leg movements in order to walk or carrying out the steps involved in any complex activity. Individuals may need to learn how to bathe and dress using only one hand or how to communicate effectively when their ability to use language has been compromised. There is a strong consensus among rehabilitation experts that the most important element in any rehabilitation program is carefully directed, well-focused, repetitive practice— the same kind of practice used by all people when they learn a new skill, such as playing the piano or pitching a baseball.
Rehabilitation actually starts in the hospital as soon as possible following a stroke. In patients who are stable, rehabilitation may begin within two days after the stroke has occurred, and should be continued as necessary after release from the hospital.
Depending on the severity of the stroke, rehabilitation options can include:
The long-term goal of rehabilitation is to improve function so that the stroke survivor can become as independent as possible. This must be accomplished in a way that preserves dignity and motivates the survivor to relearn basic skills that the stroke may have impaired - skills like bathing, eating, dressing and walking.
How long does rehab take?
For most people, rehab is a lifelong process. The road to recovery can be long and frustrating, so keeping a positive outlook is key. Try everything you can to get better, and get relief from pain if you need to. Your stroke rehab team is there to help in as many ways as it can. A strong support network of family and friends is also very important.
You may recover the most in the first few weeks or months after your stroke. But you can keep getting better for years. It just may happen more slowly. And it may take a long time and a lot of hard work. Just make sure you never give up.
What is suitable for one person may not be appropriate for another. Consult with the rehabilitation team, including the physiotherapist, to determine what's most suitable.
Groin strains occur more often than we would like to believe, and are usually accompanied by pain and restricted movement. Treatment for groin strain injuries aim to reduce initial pain and inflammation, improve flexibility and muscle conditioning, strengthen and support while gradually rehabilitating to full fitness. The severity of the strain injuries may dictate the rehabilitation program and one must get the correct diagnosis before choosing a treatment process.
Rehabilitation Program for Groin Strain
Reducing Pain and Swelling – Complete rest with minimal activity is advised for at least 5 -7 days, but if pain persists, one must avoid exercise or activities for up to 3 weeks. Applying cold compress for 15 minutes every two hours for the first couple of day could help with the pain. Later, you can wear a compression support or apply a groin strapping to reduce the swelling, keep the muscles warm and give them support during stretching or training. With more severe pain, crutches may be required for 3 - 4 days. The leg may even need to be immobilized to prevent further injury. If advised by a professional, you may return to low level activities such as jogging, cycling or swimming after 14 days to prevent the muscles from tightening.
Improve Flexibility – Gentle stretching exercises may be done from day 3 as long as it does not cause pain. If pain persists, defer stretching exercises to after 2 weeks. Stretching exercises should be done at least three times during the early stages of recovery. Lightly massages of injured area using sports massage techniques can also be done 48 hours post injury, this will help to relax and loosen the muscle, prevent formation of scar tissue and encourage blood flow and healing of the muscle.
Strengthen Muscles – One of the most important things to avoid doing during muscle strengthening is to not re-injure the muscles. It is important to strengthen the muscles in the same direction/way that they were injured. Strengthening exercises must be done at least 5 days after the injury and stopped if you experience any pain. In the beginning, you should do these exercises regularly, but as their intensity increases, you can reduce it to 3 times a week. More advanced resistive exercises can begin from day 7 or 2 weeks, when you feel comfortable. Strengthening exercises should be continued throughout the strengthening process, both before and after a strengthening session.
Return to Full Activity – This should be a slow process. Build up gradually from slow jogging to more speed, depending on how long and how far you can go without experiencing problems. This stage should involve functional activities that are related to your sport, like changing speed or direction. Return to full activity may take 1 – 4 weeks for acute injuries or 8-12 weeks for severe strains. You should only return to competitions when you feel comfortable managing specific speed work and training.
Over all, the general rehabilitation therapy includes initial period of rest post injury and then gradually building up muscle activity and tone. So keep these points in mind and get a professional to help in the recovery. Contact professional physical therapists who can help you hasten the pace of the healing process of your injuries.