Nagging pain in the body can cause constant irritation and physical as well as psychological damage to an individual. Your loss of concentration, disinterest in physical activity and constant irritation might be a result of chronic pain in your body. Rather than getting bogged down with this nagging demon, you could opt for the joint manipulation therapies to get relief.
What is Joint Manipulation?
Joint manipulation is the passive movement of skeletal joints achieved through quick thrusting movement. These thrusting manoeuvres, also known as Grade V Mobilization, target one or more synovial joints to achieve therapeutic effect. Joint manipulation has proved to be effective against varied chronic pains like stiffness in the joints, musculoskeletal pains and improves range of motion for affected joints.
The most common type of manipulation of joints is achieved through High Velocity Low Amplitude (HLVA) which involves rapidly moving the joint beyond its physiological or regular range of motion and below its anatomical or maximum range of motion. The thrust manipulation technique when applied to the joints of the spine is known as Spine Manipulation Therapy (SMT). Though part of the same science, SMT, HLVA and Mobilization have distinct biomechanics, both kinetics and kinematics. Thrust manipulation provides pain relief by releasing pinched joint capsules, relaxing tight muscles, breaking down scarring in and around the joint and unbuckling mechanically joint segments.
Joint mobilization is a very different form of the HLVA technique generally adopted by chiropractic practitioners and general manual therapists. Though there are basic similarities, there is a major difference observed in the action of mobilization and thrust manipulation. During mobilization, reflex muscle relaxation, which is a key component in the pain relief process, is not observed.
‘Popping’ or ‘Clicking’
During the joint manipulation therapy, the force applied on the joints separates the articular surfaces of the joint. This deforming activity causes a reduction of pressure in the joint cavity. In this low pressure environment, the gasses dissolved in the synovial fluid present between the joints, create a cavity or bubble. This bubble collapses upon itself making a clicking sound. This phenomenon is known as cavitation. Once a joint undergoes cavitation, the force-displacement curve changes and the range of motion of that joint increases.
Benefits of Joint Manipulation
There are various benefits of the manipulation therapy which ranges from temporary pain relief to making a patient relaxed. Here are the other benefits of joint manipulation:
- Shortens time of recovery from acute sprains observed in the back (Rand)
- Temporarily increases passive range of motion of joints (ROM)
- Physiological effects upon central nervous system.
- Temporarily relieves musculoskeletal pain
- Releases entrapped synovial folds or plica
- Relaxes hypertonic muscle
- Disrupts articular or periarticular adhesions
- Causes no alteration of the sacroiliac joint
- Unbuckles motion segments that have gone through disproportionate displacement.
Make sure this therapy is performed by a qualified practitioner and the pre-manipulation tests are carried on to ensure a safe procedure. So what you’re waiting for? Go get some relief!