Whiplash is one of the most commonly occurring injuries in developed nations. Whiplash injury is observed mostly in motor vehicle accident victims where the vehicle is hit from behind. Whiplash is a common term for a number of injuries arising from the overstretching of the cervical paraspinal muscles. Whiplash injuries have been observed since the time cars were non-existent. Then rail accidents were a major cause of the injury and it was called as rail-road spine. Whiplash injury is on the rise with rise in road accidents.
The time taken to recover from the injury can be a few months to a couple of years. But with kinesio taping you can reduce this recovery period significantly. Here is a simple method to tape your neck injury.
During the initial acute phase (upto 72 hours)
In the initial phase of the injury two fan strips are applied for lymphatic correction. The two fan strips are placed such that they form a crisscross pattern over the injured area.
The application begins by placing the base of the kinesio strip on the middle part of the scapula (shoulder bone) with the spine in a neutral position. Now, ask the patient to bend forward with rotation to the other side. Place the tails of the fan strip such that they are at an angle of 45 degrees in the upward direction over the injured area. Very light tension is to be applied between 15-20%.
The second strip is placed exactly opposite to the first strip on the medial border of the scapula while the spine rests in neutral position. The patient should move forward in a flexion while rotating to the other side. Now, place the tails of the fan strip in the upward direction at a 45 degree angle.
After the initial phase (after 72 hours)
After application of fan strips for initial recuperation, the next step is to apply a Y strip and an I strip for lymphatic correction. Start the application by placing the base of the Y strip on your spine right next to the scapula. Now, ask the patient to move his neck forward (flexion) and in the opposite direction of the tail tip being applied. The inured neck region is highly sensitive and hence cannot tolerate much pressure. Apply the tail right up to the base of the skull. Repeat the same procedure to apply the other tail. Lay the tail without applying any tension.
To apply an I strip for ligament correction, start with tearing of the paper backing of a 4-6 inch kinesio tape from the center. The strip is placed over the ligament which requires correction by applying moderate to severe tension to the strip (50-75%). In ward tension may also be added to apply mechanical correction technique. The patient should move into flexion and kinesio tape tails should applied without tension. Before any further movement, initiate glue action.
Kinesio tapes have already gained popularity amongst athletes for their superior healing and simple application procedure.