When you are actively involved in a sport, injury is inevitable. I am sure that there is not a single athlete who has not suffered from any type of injury in the entirety of their career. Since injuries are inevitable, the focus of every athlete should be on reducing the recovery time by choosing the right treatment therapy and implementing prevention techniques. This is where physiotherapy and exercise therapy comes into the picture. Physiotherapy and exercise therapy as a treatment option against sport injuries is preferred as they can help individuals rebuild strength and movement in parts of their body after an injury.
Common Sport InjuriesSport injuries are those which occur while participating in organised sporting events, training sessions, fitness activities and / or while exercising. Reasons for sports injuries could be anything from improper training, lack of warm up, accidents or lack of proper gear. Most common type of sport injuries include:
- Sprains and strains
A sprain is an overstretched or torn ligament caused by falling, twisting or getting hit. Sprain injuries on your ankles and wrist are the most common places for such an injury. A strain is an overstretched or torn muscle or tendon. Back and hamstring strains are some of the most common in sport but others such as ankle and calve are common as well.
- Knee injuries and other disorders
The knee joint is a complex structure made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Damage to any of these components causes injury to the knee joint.
A fracture signifies a break, crack or shattering, usually of bones. If the broken bones protrude out of the skin, then it is called an open or compound fracture.
Dislocation injuries are caused to the joints of your body which force the ends of your bones out of position. The most common dislocation injuries occur in the ankle, knee, shoulders, hips, elbows and jaws.
- Stress fractures
Tiny cracks which appear on the bone's surface which are caused by repetitive overloading. Like a pitcher in a baseball game might suffer stress fractures in the shoulder of his throwing arm.
Physical Therapy And Exercise Therapy As A Treatment OptionPhysiotherapists and exercise therapists understand the injured structure and provide treatments based on the different phases of an injury. In a normal process of healing, each injury goes through the acute, sub-acute and chronic phase. The acute phase involves taking care of the injury with the PRICE (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation) treatment. The sub-acute phase is also a control motion phase which involves performing strengthening and range of motion exercises in an assisted mode. The chronic phase involves the individual returning to his pre-injury physical activities with little or no consultation being involved.
Physical Therapy And Exercise Therapy As A Prevention OptionPhysical therapy and exercise therapy as a prevention option is being used by many athletes who visit their therapist before important games to be sure that they are at the peak of their health. Also, it is advised you see a physiotherapist before an injury becomes severe as they can examine and address the issue before it get worse. As times advance, physiotherapists, sports therapists, exercise therapists and athletic trainers implement new ways which treat and prevent these common sport injuries.