One of the most common diseases amongst the world population, Vertigo is a perception of motion disorder caused by a dysfunctional vestibular system(sensory system that is responsible for maintaining balance). Dizziness caused by vertigo can make it difficult for patients to go about their routine chores. Physical therapy and exercise therapy have proven to be very effective against impairment caused by loss of balance in vertigo. Here is all you need to know about vertigo and how physical and exercise therapy can help you manage it.
What is Vertigo?
Vertigo is a subtype of dizziness caused by dysfunction in the vestibular system which is responsible for sense of movement and balance located in the inner ear. Vertigo has been wrongly associated with fear of heights which is not true. When a patient feels that the objects and environment around them are moving it is called objective vertigo and when a patient feels like he / she is moving it is called subjective vertigo. Around 20-30% of the adult population is affected by a form of vertigo making it very common. Prevalence of vertigo has been noted in adults more than children with more number of cases reported in females.
There are two main causes of vertigo distinguished by the dysfunctional organ involved.
Physical therapy has been effective in restoring loss of balance and movement impairment caused by vertigo amongst patients. BPVV is the most commonly observed vertigo related disorder which can be easily treated with physical or exercise therapy. Your physical therapist will put you through a series of tests such as rotation tests, head-thrust test, caloric reflex test and eye-head coordination tests to measure posture, balance and gait. A rehabilitation plan is developed depending on the severity of the condition. Exercises included in the rehabilitation plan are aimed at retraining the brain to recognize and process signals and coordinate with the vision system. Following are two of the most commonly used techniques for treating vertigo.
Many patients suffer from vertigo for years when they can easily be treated with physiotherapy. If you suffer from dizziness see your therapist and get back to normal function in no time.