A Lisfranc injury is an injury to the mid-foot. It can be referred to as a Lisfranc fracture, Lisfranc injury, Lisfranc dislocation, Tarsometatarsal injury or simply midfoot injury. The injury is named after Jacques Lisfranc De St. Martin, a French surgeon who first described the injury in the year 1815.
The foot can be divided into three parts: the forefoot area which contains toes, the midfoot area consisting the small bones called navicular, cuboid and cuneiform. Third part is the hindfoot consisting of the talus (lower ankle) and the calcaneus (heel). These bones are held in place by connective tissues (ligaments) that stretch both across and down the foot. This cluster of bones and ligaments is known as the Lisfranc Joint Complex. A twisting fall can break or dislocate these bones out of place.
A Lisfranc injury is often mistaken for a simple sprain, especially if the injury is a result of a straightforward twist and fall. However, injury to the Lisfranc joint complex is not a simple sprain, it is a severe injury that may take months to heal and may require surgery in worse cases. Lisfranc injuries include ligament tears, fractures and dislocations of the bones and ligaments in the complex joint structure.
If you have experienced any direct or indirect trauma to your midfoot, please contact us for an examination and professional physical therapy sessions for better and faster recovery from Lisfranc injury.