If you follow football you might have witnessed the tussle between West Ham defender Joey O’Brien and Chelsea defender Gary Cahill in their recent Stamford Bridge face-off which ultimately ended with Joey sustaining a severe shoulder dislocation. Trust me when I say this, dislocating your shoulder is a fairly common injury. Yes, it is a fact that your shoulder joint is the most commonly dislocated joint in your body and so if you have popped your shoulder, don’t panic and read on to know more about the condition.
What is shoulder dislocation?
Shoulder dislocation is the most commonly observed joint dislocation because the shoulder joint is the most mobile joint of the body and provides a very high range of motion which facilitates overall movement through rotations and lifting functions. Your shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint. The movement of your arm is facilitated by this arrangement which has the head of your arm bone (humerus) perfectly fit into the joint socket (glenoid fossa) which is in turn a part of the larger shoulder blade (scapula). The arm is held in the socket by a fibrous ring of cartilage (labrum) which extends from the joint socket and holds onto the arm bone head like a sock. This arrangement is stabilised by a fibrous tissue in the joint capsule and also by ligaments and muscles surrounding the joint.
A dislocation occurs when the shoulder is thrown out of its position which means the head of your arm bone is moved out of the shoulder cavity. If the force at which the bone is thrown out is severe, it might damage the ligaments and muscles surrounding the shoulder joint causing a partial or complete tear.
Types of shoulder dislocation
The type of shoulder dislocation depends on the direction in which the dislocation has taken place and where the humeral head ends up after final dislocation.
With good medical attention you can recover from a dislocation injury within 12 to 16 weeks. In case of a popped shoulder, see your physio as soon as possible and begin the rehabilitation process!