How Physiotherapy Can Help Elderly People

How Physiotherapy Can Help Elderly People


As we age, our body inevitably goes through many physical changes. These natural age related changes can often lead to other severe problems such as bone density, reduced muscle strength and stiffer joints.

The effects of such issues can vary, however, they most commonly result in frequent falls and breaking of bones.

Here, physiotherapy can be of great help. Through combination of numerous therapies, physiotherapy can help get the life of older people back on track. Here are some of the common types of physiotherapies and their benefits-

Types of therapy

1. Manual Therapy

Therapists usually use their hands to perform manual therapy. The goal behind this therapy is to reduce pain and in the process relax the patient.

2. Cold Therapy

Cold therapy is usually performed on patients with excessive swelling and inflammation. The treatment procedure involves using ice packs for 15-20 minutes.

3. Heat Therapy

When there is a need to improve blood circulation and relax muscles, heat therapy is performed. It is most commonly prescribed to patients with osteoarthritis or other conditions where you’ve been immobilized.

4. Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy is mainly used to heal soft tissues, increase blood flow and relaxing muscles. As the name suggests, the procedure involves using water to heal patients.

5. Electrical stimulation

When targeting certain aspects of the body is necessary, electrical stimulation is used. They are often used to relax contracting muscles in stroke victims and those with arthritis, electrical stimulator uses electrical currents to cover feelings of pain.

6. Ultrasound

Ultrasound is a type of therapy that helps in reducing muscle spasms through the use of high-pitched sound waves.

Benefits of physiotherapy-

1. Helps reduce the impact of ageing

Physiotherapy cannot stop ageing, however, it can effectively reduce the impact that it has on our bodies and lives.

Trained physiotherapists, help older people in improving their strength, balance, coordination, flexibility and pain levels. These factors further contribute towards helping aged adults to maintain their health, well-being, functional ability and independence.

2. Provides advice on how to exercise safely

Physiotherapists are trained professionals who have adequate knowledge of how to exercise properly. Thus, making people aware of the benefits of exercise is their duty.

The exercises suggested by physiotherapists help aged patients increase their flexibility, coordination, strength and also prevent problems arising due to lack of balance, variation in blood pressure and obesity.

3. Facilitates independent living

Physiotherapy interventions have proven to be effective in restoring aged people with their independent lives. Since physiotherapy assists patients through exercises, people who follow it rigorously tend to have better fitness and mobility.

Physiotherapy also helps prevent damages caused by aging problems such as strokes, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

The benefits of performing physiotherapy are numerous. It can help seniors in about every area of health care and at the same time can provide them with the independence that they long for.