Physiotherapy for persons with Arthritis

Physiotherapy for persons with Arthritis

Arthritis is a joint disorder that  causes  joint inflammation often brought on from wear and tear but is also passed on through family genetics. It results in pains across the victim’s affected joints.  The pain can vary from being bearable to very severe. There any many types of arthritis that you can be afflicted with such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, septic arthritis and more. The causes can vary from old age, joint wear and tear, joint injury to joint infection. As a victim of arthritis, movement – walking, bending, picking up things – can all become a problem. Worst case scenarios of arthritis have even seen victims being bed ridden.

There are many treatments you can take to deal with arthritis, surgery and physiotherapy and exercise being three of them. Surgery is a treatment that is expensive and may not always be an option you want to pick first. A physiotherapist or rehabilitation therapist, on the other hand, will direct you in a series of exercises where you can learn how to deal with the pain and also decrease the pain. Physiotherapy can help you get back into your active lifestyle that you’re used to. Your joints will be stiff; physiotherapy can help you increase your range of motion in those effected joints.. It can help you stay strong, fit and flexible. It can help you stay active and independent. If you are trying to avoid or delay surgery due to financial or personal reasons, physiotherapy can help out in that too.

Physiotherapist can help you understand, depending on your symptoms, how arthritis can affect your life. Depending on the extent of problems raised by arthritis, a physiotherapist can create a plan that would suit your needs.

Pain Relief

With arthritis, your body could be inflicted with a great deal of pain. This could result in a lack of mobility and pain which will be unbearable. Physiotherapy generally uses three methods to deal with pain.

–       Thermal Treatment: Your physiotherapist, using the application of heat, will aim to loosen your body tissues and relax them. The treatment has been designed to reach deep parts of the body such as joints and bones. You will be subject to wax baths, hot packs and diathermy.

–       Electrical Treatment: Such a treatment produces electrical stimulation of your body tissues. They are extremely useful in treatment of chronic arthritis where pain, swelling and muscle spasms occur.

  • Physical Treatment: This treatment uses ultrasonic sound waves, strengthening exercises, ice therapy and traction.  


Stretching is not a strenuous exercise and is more of a warm up to loosen your joints. You can release any stiffness that would have gathered around your joints. Most of these exercises will be simple and you can do them whenever your joints are strained with pain. There will be a few complex ones which you should do only under the supervision of your physiotherapist.


It is through exercise that you will learn how to deal with the pain of arthritis. Your physiotherapist should lay out a balanced plan of rest and exercise. It will help protect your joints and maintain their mobility. Controlled exercise will help lessen the pain and stiffness by improving the strength of muscles and ligament. Strength exercises help you build your muscles to deal with arthritis.

Gait Training

With arthritis, you will have a major problem in walking, climbing stairs and jogging. A physiotherapist will be able to analyse your walking, and offer better ways of staying mobile. You may have to use a cane. Learning how to walk is important if you want to continue with your usual daily life.

Arthritis is a serious problem which affects your mobility. However, with the help of your physiotherapist and rehabilitation therapist, you can learn how to work with it and live a normal life.