Running is one of the most popular forms of sporting activity worldwide. Although running has many health benefits, runners also face running injuries like blisters, runner’s knee, shin splints, plantar fasciitis and many more. These common running injuries typically affect the lower limbs. Let us have a look at four of the most commonly occurring running injuries and how they can be treated through physical therapy:
You may not know, but 40% of marathon runners suffer from blisters. The heels, toes, and balls of your feet are the most commonly affected areas during running. Blisters usually appear on feet as it is the area that often encounters repetitive abrasion while running. Blisters are caused by prolonged friction that produces a force between the layers of skin. If left untreated, blisters can lead to serious medical issues such as ulceration and infection. If you develop a painful blister during a marathon, then stop at one of the medical stations. They treat your blister and hopefully you will be able to get back in the race.
2) Runner’s Knee
Do you know, runner’s knee affects up to 10% of all runners at some stage? Runner’s knee is also referred to as IlioTibial Band Friction Syndrome. In this condition, you feel pain on the outer side of your knee joint. If left untreated, this knee pain may radiate up to your thigh and may exacerbate by running. The knee pain caused by runner’s knee is only present during running and settles when the person rests. Treatment for runner’s knee include physical therapy and runner’s knee exercises. You can modify the frequency or intensity of your activity and also use a runner’s knee brace.
3) Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is the condition where there is inflammation of the Plantar fascia - a fibrous sheath that runs through most of the length of the sole of your foot. Plantar Fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain in runners. In this condition, pain usually radiates inside of the sole of your foot. Foot pain usually occurs with any physical activity and is typically present in the morning. Plantar Fasciitis can be settled with conservative treatment, such as physical therapy. You can apply ice packs directly to your skin and have anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by your doctor.
4) Achilles Tendinopathy
Due to rigorous exercise and running, your tendon, which forms the lower part of the calf muscles, degenerates. In such a condition, your tendon may lose its normal tensile strength and may be liable to rupture with continued running. The affected tendon may appear thickened compared to the unaffected side. It is recommended to take rest from sporting activities for up to three months as the collagen tissue takes three months to mature (which your body produces) to repair the tissue. You can wear Achilles tendon support during training to ease stress on the Achilles tendon.
The intensity, duration, and frequency of your running sessions should be monitored. Try to maintain your muscle strength and flexibility through physical therapy or regular strengthening and stretching sessions. In-home massage therapy services can provide you with the best treatment in case if you face any running injury.