The abnormal curvature of the spine is called scoliosis. It can be a curve indented to the right or left and commonly attacks individuals who have completed their growth cycle. In extreme cases, the spinal cord can be twisted or even rotated.
1. Congenital scoliosis – Generally arises from bone abnormality present at birth.
2. Neuromuscular scoliosis - A common consequence of abnormal muscles or nerves. Neuromuscular scoliosis is also common among people who suffer from cerebral palsy.
3. Degenerative scoliosis - A result of traumatic injuries in the back or osteoporosis.
4. Idiopathic scoliosis – The most common type of scoliosis and occurs without any identifiable cause.
How physiotherapy treats the problem
Scoliosis is often defined as a process that involves a vicious cycle of pain. Once a person is affected by scoliosis, he tends to experience change in the bone shape and its overall orientation. Consequently, pain is a constant element in this disease.
As with most back pains, increasing the strength and mobility of the back can both relieve pain and prevent future pain. Here, physiotherapy is extremely useful, as through its curve, specific exercises not only help the patient in decreasing the influence of gravity and effect of uneven muscle pull, but also helps in cutting down weight. Weight loss is an integral aspect of scoliosis treatment because the heavier the person the more load it tends to put on the spine. Exercises outlined for scoliosis also help in reprogramming the body into a more symmetrical posture.
Often, water therapy is also used to treat scoliosis. Through water therapy gravity is counterbalanced by body’s buoyancy. This helps in improving muscle conditions and fast recovery.
Another treatment method used involves applying moist heat to painful areas in combination with non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory medication. Sometimes physiotherapists also adopt treatment methods used in osteoporosis to cure scoliosis.
Why physiotherapy is the best option?
Given today’s advanced medical techniques, the chances of completely being cured of scoliosis without any complications are high. However, such treatment procedures are not always successful, in fact sometimes they even have adverse effects. For example, spinal fusion is an irreversible procedure and if during the procedure any mistakes have been committed, it can cause more trouble to the patient than curing the patient’s pain.
This is where physiotherapy clinches its importance. Physiotherapy as a science is free of side effects. Another advantage is that physiotherapy doesn’t just solve the problem temporarily, instead it remedies the problem and even prevents it from recurring.
So, if you are going through scoliosis or you know of someone who is and want to help them, give us a call and let our professional physiotherapists come to your rescue.