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February 2016

Hemiparesis is weakness of one side of the body and is less severe than hemiplegia. Hemiplegia is paralysis of one side of the body. Both are a common side effect of stroke or cerebrovascular accident. One-sided weakness can affect your arms, hands, legs and facial muscles. If you have one-sided weakness you may have trouble performing everyday activities such as eating, dressing, and using the bathroom. Rehabilitation treatments, exercises at home, and assistive devices can help with your mobility and recovery.One sided paralysis or weakness occurs when a stroke affects the corticospinal tract of one side of the brain. The

The spinal column is made up of 26 bones (vertebrae), which are cushioned by disks. The disk protects the bones by absorbing the shocks from daily activities like walking, lifting and twisting. Each disk consists of two parts - a soft, gelatinous inner portion and a tough outer ring. Weakness or injury can cause the inner portion of the disk to protrude through the outer ring. This is known as a slipped disk or herniated disk.​In herniated disk, a crack occurs in the outer layer of the disk, called the annulus. The crack usually affects a small part of the

Facial Palsy or Bell’s Palsy is a form of paralysis resulting from damage to the 7th cranial nerve. Hence, Facial Palsy is also termed as ‘7th Cranial Nerve Palsy’. The 7th nerve is a mixed nerve containing both sensory and motor components. This nerve controls the muscles of facial expression, and functions in the conveyance of taste sensations from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and oral cavity. It emerges from the brainstem between the pons and medulla.Cause of Facial Palsy:What exactly causes this damage to the 7th cranial nerve is unknown, as the etiology of this form of facial

Erb’s palsy or Erb-Duchennepalsy is a paralysis of the arm caused by injury to the Brachial Plexus, specifically the upper brachial plexus. It is the most common birth related neuropraxia (about 48%).Mechanism of injury- The most common cause of Erb's palsy is dystocia, an abnormal or difficult childbirth or labor. For example, it can occur if the infant's head and neck are pulled toward one side, at the same time when the shoulders pass through the birth canal. The condition can also be caused by excessive force applied on the shoulders during a vertex presentation (head first delivery), or by pressure

A condition characterized by damage and tearing of the connective tissue surrounding the elbow joint with subsequent displacement of the bones forming the joint, so they are no longer situated next to each other, is termed as an elbow dislocation. In other words, an elbow dislocation occurs when the bones of the forearm (the radius and ulna) move out of place compared with the bone of the arm. The elbow joint formed, where these three bones meet, becomes dislocated or moves out of the joint.People who indulge into activities that require extensive physical work on a daily basis and use