Physiotherapy for Jones Fracture

Physiotherapy for Jones Fracture

Jones fracture, also known as 5th metatarsal fracture occurs in a small area of the fifth metatarsal that receives less blood and therefore is more prone to injury. This can either be a stress fracture, which is a tiny hairline break that occurs overtime, or an acute break that is caused due to a sudden traumatic impact. It is mostly caused due to overuse, repetitive stress or trauma. This fracture affects the fifth metatarsal of the foot. Let’s see how professional physiotherapy can help treat and heal Jones fracture.

Causes
A Jones fracture is often caused by a forceful blow to the bottom or outside part of your foot. The simple act of running can cause micro trauma to the fifth metatarsal, and a Jones fracture may occur. The onset of your pain may be gradual and happen over a period of weeks or months. When this happens, it is usually considered a stress fracture, and the prognosis for this type of Jones fracture is poorer than with an acute Jones fracture.

Symptoms
Jones fractures have the following signs and symptoms. These include but are not limited to:

  • Pain, swelling, and tenderness on the outside of the foot
  • Difficulty walking
  • Bruising may occur
  • Swelling on the outside part of your foot

If you have injured your foot, or if you have developed these symptoms, it is important that you visit your doctor or the emergency department immediately. Failure to get proper treatment for your foot can cause permanent loss of function.

Diagnosis
Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment. To arrive at a diagnosis, the surgeon will ask how the injury occurred or when the pain started. The foot will be examined, with the doctor gently pressing on different areas of the foot to determine where the pain is. The surgeon will also order x-rays. Because a Jones fracture sometimes does not show up on initial x-rays, additional imaging studies may be needed.

Treatment
When visiting a foot or ankle surgeon is not possible or is problematic, there are a few things you can do by yourself in order to take care of your injury. This includes:
Rest: It is crucial to stay off the injured foot, since walking can cause further damage.
Ice: Apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area for 20 minutes of each waking hour.

Compression and elevation: Wrap the foot in an elastic bandage or wear a compression stocking to prevent further swelling and keep the foot elevated to reduce the swelling. It should be even with or slightly above the hip level.

Physical Therapy: Several exercises will help restore and strengthen range-of-motion in the affected area.
Jones fracture can affect the way you live your daily life. Don’t leave your injury impaired and untreated. Visit our team of expert physical therapists at HCR Calgary today.